Analog and digital communicators in computer network in hindi

Analog aur digital communication dono tarah ke communication systems hote hain jo information ko transmit karte hain.

Analog and digital communicators in computer network in hindi

Analog Communication: Analog communication, jaise ki naam se pata chalta hai, continuous ya analog signals ka istemal karta hai. Isme information ko continuous varying waveform (jaise ki sine wave) ke roop mein represent kiya jata hai. Analog signals mein, har ek point ka value continuous range mein vary karta hai, aur iska interpretation audio, video, ya anya form mein kiya ja sakta hai. Analog communication examples mein radio, television, telephone lines, aur analog sensors shamil hote hain.

Digital Communication: Digital communication mein, information ko discrete, non-continuous symbols ya bits (0 aur 1) ke roop mein represent kiya jata hai. Digital signals mein, har ek point ko specific discrete values se represent kiya jata hai, jaise ki on/off, high/low, true/false.

Isme information binary format mein encode hoti hai, jisme data ko bits ke sequence mein transmit kiya jata hai. Digital communication ka advantage hai ki isme noise aur interference ko kam kiya ja sakta hai, aur data ki accuracy aur reliability badhane mein madad milti hai. Digital communication examples mein internet, mobile phones, digital TV, aur computer networks shamil hote hain.

Analog and digital communicators in computer network in hindi

Analog aur digital communication mein ek mukhya antar hai ki analog communication mein data ka continuous representation hota hai, jabki digital communication mein data ko discrete symbols mein encode kiya jata hai. Digital communication, analog communication ke mukablein zyada flexibility, efficiency, aur error correction capabilities provide karta hai, lekin analog communication mein continuous signals ke representation se related information loss kam hoti hai. Dono tarah ke communication systems apne apne upyog aur prakar ke hisaab se istemal hote hain, tatha unhe alag-alag scenarios mein upyog karna hota hai.

और भी पढ़ें :-

Analog Communication ke faide:

  1. Natural Representation: Analog communication systems ka faida yeh hai ki ye signals ko natural tarike se represent karte hain, jaise ki sine wave. Isse audio aur video jaise continuous signals ko badiya tarike se transmit kiya ja sakta hai.

  2. Higher Resolution: Analog signals mein infinite values ke range hoti hai, jiske wajah se higher resolution possible hoti hai. Isse details aur nuances ko better capture kiya ja sakta hai.

  3. Ease of Processing: Analog signals ko process karna relatively simple hota hai, kyonki unhe directly manipulate kiya ja sakta hai. Isme signal ko amplification, filtering, aur modulation kiya ja sakta hai.

  4. Robustness to Interference: Analog signals interference ke prati thoda jyada tolerant hote hain. Noise aur interference ke presence mein bhi, analog signals mein original signal ko partially restore kiya ja sakta hai.

Advantage and disavantage of Analog and digital communicators in computer network in hindi

Digital Communication ke faide:

  1. Noise Resistance: Digital signals mein noise aur interference ke impact ko kam kiya ja sakta hai. Digital communication systems mein error correction techniques aur coding schemes ka istemal kiya jata hai, jisse information loss kam hoti hai.

  2. Easy Storage and Replication: Digital data easily store aur replicate kiya ja sakta hai. Digital information ko digital devices mein store karna aur multiple copies banakar transmit karna asan hota hai.

  3. Compression: Digital data ko compression techniques se compress kiya ja sakta hai, jisse kam bandwidth aur storage space ka istemal hota hai. Isse data ko efficient tarike se transmit aur store kiya ja sakta hai.

  4. Flexibility: Digital communication systems mein data ko various forms mein transmit kiya ja sakta hai, jaise text, audio, video, aur images. Isse versatile communication aur multimedia applications possible hote hain.

Dono tarah ke communication systems ke kuch nuksaan bhi hote hain:

Analog Communication ke nuksaan:

  1. Signal Degradation: Analog signals ko transmit karte waqt noise aur interference ka impact hota hai, jisse signal quality degrade ho sakti hai.
  2. Limited Capacity: Analog systems ki capacity limited hoti hai aur unme bandwidth constraints hote hain, jisse simultaneous transmission of multiple signals mein dikkat ho sakti hai.

Digital Communication ke nuksaan:

  1. Complex Processing: Digital signals ko process karna complex hota hai. Isme data ko encode, decode, aur error correction ke liye additional processing ki zaroorat hoti hai.
  2. Discrete Representation: Digital signals discrete symbols (bits) ka istemal karte hain, isliye continuous data ko represent karne mein information loss ho sakti hai.
  3. Bandwidth Requirements: Digital signals ki transmission ke liye zyada bandwidth ki zaroorat hoti hai, khas kar multimedia content (audio, video) ke liye.

In sab faaydon aur nuksaano ke sath, analog aur digital communication systems apne alag-alag upyog aur scenario mein istemal hote hain.

1 thought on “Analog and digital communicators in computer network in hindi”

Leave a Comment