Bus Topology in computer network in hindi

Bus topology ek computer network topology hai jahan network devices, jaise computers, printers, aur servers, ek linear bus ke format mein connect hote hain. Is topology mein sabhi devices ek common communication line, ya bus, ko share karte hain.

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Bus Topology in computer network in hindi

Kuch important points bus topology ke baare mein:

  1. Structure: Bus topology mein sabhi devices ek straight communication line par arrange hote hain, jise bus ya backbone cable kaha jata hai. Is cable par devices ke connections (node connections) hoti hain. Har device par ek interface (NIC – Network Interface Card) hota hai, jisse wo bus se data send aur receive kar sakta hai.

  2. Bus Cable: इसमे ek central bus cable hoti hai, jo devices ko connect karti hai. Is cable ka typically coaxial cable, twisted pair cable, ya fiber optic cable ka istemal hota hai.

  3. Termination: Bus topology mein bus cable ke dono ends par termination resistors lagaye jate hain. Ye resistors signal reflection aur interference ko minimize karte hain, jisse data integrity aur communication efficiency improve hoti hai.

  4. Shared Medium: इसमें communication medium (bus cable) shared hota hai. Jab koi device data transmit karta hai, to ye data bus cable par propagate hota hai aur sabhi connected devices tak pahunchta hai. Sabhi devices bus cable par transmit kiye gaye data ko sunte hain, lekin sirf intended receiver data ko accept karta hai.

  5. Scalability: Is topology mein network devices easily add aur remove kiye ja sakte hain. New device ko bus cable par connect karke usko network se join kiya ja sakta hai. Ismein additional devices add karne ke liye cable ko extend karna hota hai.
Bus Topology in computer network in hindi
Bus Topology in computer network in hindi

Advantages of Bus Topology in hindi:

  • Simplicity: Bus topology simple aur easy to implement hai. Ismein kam cable requirement hoti hai, jisse cost-effective solution hai.

  • Cost-Effective: Bus topo-logy mein cable cost kam hota hai kyunki devices ko ek common cable se connect kiya jata hai.

  • Easy Expansion: New devices ko bus topology mein easily add kiya ja sakta hai, jisse network expand karne mein flexibility milti hai.

  • Fault Isolation: Is topology mein agar kisi device ya cable mein koi problem hoti hai, to baaki devices aur network operation unaffected rehte hain. Faulty device ya cable ko identify karne aur isolate karne mein flexibility hoti hai.

Limitations of Bus Topology in hindi:

  • Single Point of Failure: Agar bus cable mein koi problem ya failure hoti hai, to pura network affected ho sakta hai. Agar bus cable disconnect ho jaye ya damaged ho jaye, to communication stop ho jati hai.

  • Limited Cable Length: Is topology cable length limitation hoti hai. Jyada lambi cable par signal degradation aur interference ho sakte hain.

  • Network Congestion: Jab jyada devices bus cable par data transmit karte hain, to network congestion ki problem ho sakti hai. Multiple devices ka simultaneous data transmission network performance par impact kar sakti hai.

Bus topology small to medium-sized networks ke liye suitable hai jahan network requirements simple hote hain. Ismein kam devices aur communication load ho to performance maintain karne mein asani hoti hai. Examples of bus topology include Ethernet (10BASE-2) networks.

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