Data and Knowledge: The Notion of Inheritance In OOAD In Hindi

Data and Knowledge (Data aur Gyaan): Data aur knowledge dono hi information ke prakar hote hain, lekin unka istemal aur prabhav alag-alag hota hai.

  • Data: Data ek collection of facts ya figures hota hai jo aksar raw ya unprocessed hota hai. Yeh numbers, text, images, sounds, ya kisi bhi prakar ke symbolic representations ho sakte hain. Data by itself meaningful nahi hota, aur uska interpretation ya context uske aas-paas ki information se hota hai. For example, ek list of numbers data ho sakti hai lekin iska meaning ya significance hume tabhi samajh me aata hai jab hume pata ho ki yeh numbers kisi specific vyakti ke marks hain.
  • Knowledge (Gyaan): Knowledge ek higher level of understanding aur interpretation hota hai jo data ko process karke hasil hota hai. Yeh data ko context me rakh kar uska matlab nikalne aur samajhne ki prakriya hai. Knowledge data ko organize, analyze, aur interpret karne ki kshamata ko darshata hai. Yeh information se judkar insights, patterns, aur connections nikal sakta hai. For example, agar hum data ko analyze karke nikalte hain ki kis prakar se ek student ne alag-alag subjects me marks hasil kiye hain, tab hum us student ki academic performance ke bare me knowledge prapt kar sakte hain.

The Notion of Inheritance (Vanshaj Ka Tattva): Inheritance ek object-oriented programming (OOP) concept hai jisme ek class dusri class se derived hoti hai. Derived class parent class (base class ya super class) ke properties aur methods ko inherit karti hai aur unhe modify ya extend karke apni functionality banati hai. Isse code reuse, hierarchy creation, aur modular design ko promote kiya jata hai.

Inheritance ka mukhya upayog ek class ke code ko dusri class me dobara likhne se bachane ke liye hota hai. Agar ek class me kuch properties aur methods define kiye gaye hain, aur hume dusri class me bhi wahi functionality chahiye to hum inheritance ka istemal karke parent class ke properties aur methods ko dobara likhne se bacha sakte hain. Derived class apne specific requirements ke hisab se parent class ke features ko modify ya extend kar sakti hai.

Is tarah se, inheritance knowledge ka ek prakar hai jisme existing information (parent class ki properties aur methods) ko extend aur modify kiya ja sakta hai taki naye concepts (derived class) ka vikas ho sake. Yeh programming me ek organized aur maintainable codebase banane me madad karta hai.

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