Hierarchical directory structure in Linux in hindi

Hierarchical directory structure ek tareeka hai files aur directories ko ek computer ya file system par tree-like format mein organize karne ka. Yeh structure aam taur par Linux aur Windows jaise operating systems mein istemal hota hai taaki users aur software programs files aur folders ko asaanise dhoondh aur manage kar saken.

Hierarchical directory structure in Linux in hindi

Niche hierarchical directory structure ke mukhya hisse hain:

  1. Root Directory (/):
  • Hierarchy ki shuruaat root directory se hoti hai, jise forward slash (/) se darust kiya jata hai.
  • Yeh file system ka starting point hota hai.
  • Linux mein, sabhi aur directories aur files root directory ke andar ya uske descendants hote hain.
  1. Subdirectories:
  • Root directory ke neeche aur directories hoti hain, jo specific purposes serve karti hain.
  • Aap subdirectories ko sub-folders ke roop mein samajh sakte hain, jo root directory ya kisi doosri directory ke andar hoti hain.
  1. Files:
  • Subdirectories ke andar files hoti hain.
  • Ye files user data, program instructions, ya aur bhi tarah ki information contain kar sakti hain.
  1. Parent Directory:
  • Har subdirectory ek parent directory se judi hoti hai, jiska matlab hota hai ki wo us parent directory ke andar hoti hai.
  • Parent directory se subdirectories aur files ko access kiya ja sakta hai.

Is tarah ki hierarchical directory structure aapko files aur directories ko organize aur access karne mein madad karti hai. Aap kisi bhi specific directory ya file tak root directory se navigate kar sakte hain.

Hierarchical directory structure ke andar directories aur files organize hote hain. Niche kuch example directories aur files ke saath ek content snapshot diya gaya hai, jo ek typical Linux file system ke andar dekha ja sakta hai:

/
|-- bin/               (System Binaries)
|   |-- ls
|   |-- mkdir
|   |-- rm
|
|-- etc/               (System Configuration Files)
|   |-- passwd
|   |-- hostname
|   |-- network/
|       |-- interfaces
|
|-- home/              (User Home Directories)
|   |-- user1/
|   |   |-- Documents/
|   |   |-- Downloads/
|   |   |-- Pictures/
|   |
|   |-- user2/
|   |   |-- Documents/
|   |
|
|-- var/               (Variable Files)
|   |-- log/
|   |   |-- auth.log
|   |   |-- syslog
|
|-- tmp/               (Temporary Files)
|
|-- usr/               (User Programs)
|   |-- bin/
|   |   |-- python
|   |   |-- gcc
|   |
|   |-- lib/
|   |-- local/
|
|-- dev/               (Device Files)
|   |-- sda (Hard Drive)
|   |-- tty1 (Terminal)
|
|-- lib/               (System Libraries)
|
|-- proc/              (Process Information)
|
|-- sys/               (System Information)
|
|-- boot/              (Bootloader Files)
|
|-- opt/               (Optional Software Packages)
|
|-- srv/               (Service Data)
|
|-- mnt/               (Mount Points)
|
|-- media/             (Removable Media)
|
|-- run/               (Runtime Data)
|
|-- snap/              (Snap Packages)
|
|-- lost+found/        (File System Recovery)

Is directory structure mein / root directory hai, aur iske neeche various subdirectories aur files hain. Har directory apne specific type ke files aur directories ko contain karta hai. For example:

  • /bin: Isme essential system binaries hote hain, jaise ki ls (list files), mkdir (create directory), aur rm (remove files).
  • /etc: System configuration files jaise ki passwd, hostname, aur network configuration files isme hote hain.
  • /home: User home directories isme hote hain, jinme har user ke personal files aur settings stored hote hain.
  • /var: Variable files isme hote hain, jaise ki log files (/var/log) aur temporary data.
  • /usr: User programs isme hote hain, jaise ki /usr/bin mein user-level binaries.
  • /dev: Device files jaise ki hard drives aur terminals isme hote hain.
  • /lib: System libraries isme hote hain, jo programs ke saath use hoti hain.
  • /proc: Process information isme hote hain, jisse aap system ke running processes ka information dekh sakte hain.

Yeh ek common Linux file system structure ka example hai, lekin har Linux distribution apni file system structure mein kuch differences rakh sakti hai.

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