History and development of LINUX O.S In Hindi

Linux ka itihas aur vikas kafi rochak hai. Linux ek open-source operating system hai jo 1991 mein Linus Torvalds, ek Finland ke computer science student ne develop kiya tha. Yeh kuch important milestones hain Linux ke vikas ke itihas mein:

  1. Beginning of Linux: Linus Torvalds ne August 1991 mein Linux kernel ka pehla version release kiya. Isme unhone basic file system, process management, aur hardware support shamil kiya tha. Is initial release ke baad, developers ne isme improvements kiye aur code contribute kiya.

  2. GPL License: Linux kernel ko GNU General Public License (GPL) ke antargat release kiya gaya tha. Isse, yeh open source ban gaya, jiska matlab hai ki koi bhi iska source code dekh sakta hai, modify kar sakta hai, aur apni distro bana sakta hai.

  3. Growth of the Linux Community: Linux ka vikas open-source community ke saath hua. Developers, users, aur enthusiasts ne isme apna yogdan diya. Iske karan, Linux ke liye kai distributions (distros) develop hue jaise ki Debian, Red Hat, aur Slackware.

  4. Graphical User Interface (GUI): Initially, Linux command line par based tha, lekin phir X Window System (X11) jaise graphical user interfaces ka support add kiya gaya. Aaj ke Linux distros mein GUI bahut hi aam hai, aur bahut se desktop environments jaise GNOME, KDE, XFCE, aur LXQt ka istemal hota hai.

  5. Server Operating System: Linux ka istemal server environments mein bhi hota hai. Apache (web server), MySQL (database server), aur Linux ke liye optimize kiye gaye tools ne isse ek popular server operating system banaya.

  6. Android: Android ek mobile operating system hai jo Linux kernel par adharit hai. Isse Linux ki popularity mobile devices par bhi badhi.

  7. Corporate Support: Corporations jaise ki IBM, Red Hat, aur SUSE ne Linux ke vikas ko support kiya aur enterprise-grade solutions develop kiye. Isse Linux ko business world mein bhi prachur roop se istemal kiya jaane laga.

  8. Linux on Desktop: Linux desktop par bhi badh raha hai, khaaskar Ubuntu jaise user-friendly distros ke saath. Gaming aur creative applications ke liye bhi Linux par kaam hota hai.

  9. Containerization and Cloud: Linux containers (Docker) aur cloud computing platforms (AWS, Azure, Google Cloud) mein bhi Linux ka istemal hota hai.

Aaj, Linux ek bahut bada ecosystem hai jo desktops se lekar supercomputers aur IoT devices tak har jagah istemal hota hai. Iska vikas open source community, corporations, aur enthusiasts ke yogdan se hota raha hai.

Leave a Comment