Installing the LINUX system in Hindi – जाने हिन्दी में

Linux ka installation karna ek straightforward process ho sakta hai, aur yeh process chhote variations ke saath alag-alag Linux distributions par thoda alag ho sakta hai.

Installing the LINUX system in Hindi

Neeche diye gaye hain Linux system ko install karne ke general steps:

1. Installation Media Taiyar Karein:

  • Apne chune gaye Linux distribution ka ISO image download karein. Aap usually isko distribution ki official website se download kar sakte hain. Ya phir, agar available ho, to physical installation disc request karein.

2. Bootable Media Banayein:

  • Rufus (Windows ke liye) ya Etcher jaise software ka istemal karein, taki aap ek bootable USB drive bana sakein ya ISO image ko DVD par burn kar sakein. Yeh bootable media installation start karne ke liye istemal hoga.

3. Data Ka Backup Karein:

  • Installation ke liye aage badhne se pehle, installation process ke dauran data loss ko rokne ke liye apne computer par maujood mahatvapurna data ka backup karna ek accha vichar hai.

4. Installation Media Se Boot Karein:

  • Bootable USB drive ya DVD ko daalein aur computer ko isse restart karein.

5. Installation Process Start Karein:

  • On-screen instructions ke according Linux installation process ko shuru karein. Aapko installation ke dauran hard drive partition karne ka option milega.

6. Manual Partitioning (Advanced) Chunein:

  • Aapko manual partitioning ka option chunna hoga, jo aksar “Something Else” ya “Advanced” ke roop mein label hota hai.

7. Existing Partitions Dekhein:

  • Aapke hard drive ki existing partitions ki list dikhayi degi. Agar koi partition na ho, to aap puri disk ko unallocated space ke roop mein dekhenge.

8. Partitions Banayein:

  • Aap kuch aise partitions create kar sakte hain:
    • Root Partition (/): Yeh main partition hoti hai jahan Linux operating system install hota hai. Aam taur par, iska size 20GB ya usse bhi adhik hota hai.
    • Swap Partition: Swap space virtual memory ke liye istemal hoti hai aur system performance ke liye madadgar hoti hai. Yeh recommend hota hai ki aap RAM ke size ke barabar ya usse adhik ka swap partition banaein.
    • Home Partition (/home): Yeh partition aapke user data, files, aur documents ke liye hoti hai. Isme ek samanya size allocate karna hota hai.

9. Space Allocate Karein:

  • Apne needs aur available disk space ke hisab se har partition ko size assign karein.

10. Mount Points Chunein:

  • Har partition ko ek mount point (jaise / root partition, /home home partition, etc.) denein.

11. File System Format Chunein:

  • Har partition ke liye file system format chun lein. Aksar, Linux distributions mein ext4 ek common choice hoti hai.

12. Bootloader Installation:

  • Make sure bootloader (jaise GRUB) primary hard drive ke MBR (Master Boot Record) mein install ho.

13. Confirm aur Apply Karein:

  • Apne partitioning scheme ko review karein, apne chunav ko confirm karein, aur changes ko apply karein.

14. Installation Complete Karein:

  • Installation complete hone ke baad, installation process ke according aage badhein. Aapke chune gaye partitions format kiye jayenge aur Linux distribution install ho jayega.

Installation complete hone ke baad, aapka Linux system chune gaye partitions ke saath taiyar hoga. Yeh partitions aapke data ko organize karne aur system performance ko behtar banane mein madadgar hote hain.

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