Linux file system in Hindi

Linux file system, ek computer ya server ke data ko organize aur store karne ka tareeka hota hai. Linux mein file system kaafi hierarchal (tree-like) hota hai, jise directories (folders) aur files se compose kiya jata hai. Yeh file system kaafi organized aur efficient hota hai. Niche kuch important concepts aur directories hain, jo Linux file system ko samajhne mein madadgar hote hain:

Linux file system in Hindi

  1. Root Directory (/): Linux file system ka top-level directory root directory hota hai. Isme sab kuch shuru hota hai. Root directory ko slash (/) se represent kiya jata hai.

  2. Home Directory (~): Har user ka apna home directory hota hai jahaan unka personal data aur configuration files store hota hai. User-specific directories ~/ ke under hote hain.

  3. /bin (Binary): Is directory mein essential system binaries (executable programs) hote hain jo system ke proper functioning ke liye zaroori hote hain.

  4. /sbin (System Binary): Yahaan bhi binaries hote hain, lekin ye system administration tasks ke liye important hoti hain.

  5. /etc (Etcetera): Is directory mein system-wide configuration files hote hain. Aapke system ke settings, startup scripts, aur network configurations isi directory mein store hote hain.

  6. /var (Variable): Variable data jaise logs, databases, aur temporary files ko store karne ke liye use hoti hai.

  7. /tmp (Temporary): Temporary files ko store karne ke liye is directory ka istemal hota hai. Yeh files reboot ke baad delete ho jati hain.

  8. /dev (Device): Is directory mein devices ko represent karne wale special files hote hain, jinse hardware devices (jaise ki hard drives) ko access kiya jata hai.

  9. /proc (Process): Running processes ko represent karne wale files aur directories yahaan milte hain. Yeh dynamic directory hai, jo real-time information provide karta hai.

  10. /mnt (Mount): External devices ko temporarily mount karne ke liye istemal hoti hai, jaise USB drives aur network shares.

  11. /boot (Boot): Operating system ke boot files aur kernel images ko store karne ke liye use hoti hai.

  12. /lib (Library): Shared libraries jo programs ke saath link hoti hain unka code is directory mein hota hai.

  13. /usr (User): User data, installed software, aur system-specific files ko is directory mein store kiya jata hai.

  14. /opt (Optional): Optional software packages ko install karne ke liye use hoti hai.

  15. /srv (Service): Data jo services provide karne ke liye istemal hota hai (jaise web servers) woh isi directory mein store hota hai.

Yeh kuch important directories hain, lekin Linux file system kaafi expandable hota hai aur aap directories create kar sakte hain apne specific requirements ke hisab se. Har directory apne specific purpose ke liye hota hai, aur is hierarchical structure ki madad se aap apne data aur system ko organize aur manage kar sakte hain.

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