Network Architecture in computer networks in hindi – जाने आर्किटेक्चर

Network Architecture ek aisa framework hai jo computer network ke design aur organization ko define karta hai. Isme network ke components, protocols, aur unke interconnections ke sahi tarike se arrangement kiya jata hai. Network Architecture kehte hai, network ke various layers aur unke functions ke sahi tarike se define kiye jate hai.

Network Architecture in computer networks in hindi

Ye layers include physical layer (jo hardware components jaise cables, routers, switches ko handle karta hai), data link layer (jo data ki transmission aur error detection ko handle karta hai), network layer (jo devices ko network par communicate karne mein help karta hai), transport layer (jo end-to-end data transfer aur reliability ko handle karta hai), aur application layer (jo specific applications aur services ko support karta hai).

Network Architecture ki sahi planning aur implementation se network performance, scalability, reliability, aur security improve ho sakte hai. Isme network topology (jaise star, bus, ring), network protocols (jaise TCP/IP), network security measures, aur network management techniques shaamil hote hain.

Saaransh mein, Network Architecture network ke sahi tarike se organization, components, protocols, aur interconnections ko define karta hai taki efficient aur reliable communication aur data transfer ho sake.

Network Architecture in computer networks in hindi
Network Architecture in computer networks in hindi

Types of Network Architecture in computer networks in hindi

There are two types of Network Architecture are:-

1. Peer to peer Network in hindi

Peer-to-peer (P2P) ek computer network architecture hai jahan har device (ya “peer”) ek doosre ke saath seedha aur samanvayit roop se jude hote hain. Ismein koi central server ya authority nahi hoti hai jo network ki traffic ya resource ko niyantrit karti ho. Har peer apne saathiyon ke saath seedhe taur par jude hote hain aur ek doosre ke saath samanvayit tarike se communication karte hain.

P2P network mein, har ek device (peer) dono roles nibha sakta hai – sanket data (data sender) bhi ban sakta hai aur sanket data (data receiver) bhi ban sakta hai. Yeh samanvayit tarike se data, fail ya anya resource sharing karne ki anumati deta hai. Har peer khud hi sanket data bhejne, prapt karne, aur dusre peero ke saath resource sharing karne ke liye jimmedar hota hai.

P2P network ke kuch pramukh fayde hain:

  1. Scalability: P2P network bahut bade hone ki kshamta rakhta hai kyunki har peer network ka hissa hota hai aur network ki seema ko badhane ke liye ek central authority ki avashyakta nahi hoti.

  2. Resilience: Kyunki P2P network mein kisi ek central server par nirbhar nahi hota, isliye agar koi peer network se bahar ho jata hai to baki peero ka network par prabhav kam hota hai.

  3. Resource Sharing: P2P network mein peero ke beech mein seedhe taur par resource sharing ki anumati hoti hai, jaise ki files, data, bandwidth, aur anya resources.

P2P network ka pramukh udaharan BitTorrent hai, jahan peero ek doosre se files download aur upload karne mein sahayog karte hain.

1. Client-Server network in hindi

Client-Server network ek aisi computer network topology hai jahan ek central server aur usse jude hue clients (ya users) hote hain. Is topology mein, server ek central authority ka kaam karta hai jo clients ko services aur resources provide karta hai. Clients, server se resources (jaise data, files, applications, ya network services) request karte hain aur server unhe fulfill karta hai.

Is topology mein, server hi network ki pramukh niyantran karne wala hota hai. Server hardware aur software ke roop mein bada aur powerful hota hai jisse woh clients ki requests handle kar sake. Server infrastructure ki maintenance aur management bhi server ke zimmedari hoti hai.

Clients, server se services prapt karne ke liye network ke through server se judte hain. Ye services unhe centrally stored data, applications, databases, ya kisi aur resource tak pahunchane mein madad karte hain. Clients, server se data ya resource ko prapt karne ke liye request bhejte hain aur server unhe response deta hai.

Kuch pramukh fayde Client-Server network ke hain:

  1. Centralized Management: Server ke madyam se network ki management aur administration centrally ki ja sakti hai.

  2. Better Security: Server ki madad se data aur resources ko secure karne ke liye centralized security policies aur access control implement kiya ja sakta hai.

  3. Scalability: Server infrastructure ko upgrade karke network ki seema ko badha sakte hai, jisse jyada clients ko handle karne ki kshamta milti hai.

  4. Resource Sharing: Server ki madad se clients ke beech resource sharing aur collaboration ki suvidha prapt hoti hai.

Client-Server network ke pramukh udaharan hai World Wide Web (WWW) jahan clients (web browsers) server (web servers) se web pages, files, aur resources access karte hain.

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