Partitioning the hard disk for LINUX In Hindi

Hard disk partitioning is the process of dividing your physical hard drive into separate sections or partitions to organize your data and allocate storage space for different purposes. When setting up a Linux system, it’s important to understand how to partition your hard disk. Here’s how you can partition a hard disk for Linux:

Partitioning the hard disk for LINUX In Hindi

Note: Before partitioning your hard disk, it’s a good practice to back up your data because the process may involve data loss.

  1. Boot from the Linux Installation Media:
  • Insert your Linux installation USB or DVD and boot your computer from it.
  1. Start the Installation Process:
  • Follow the on-screen instructions to start the Linux installation process. You will be presented with an option to partition your hard drive during installation.
  1. Select Manual Partitioning (Advanced):
  • Choose the option for manual partitioning, which is often labeled as “Something Else” or “Advanced.”
  1. View Existing Partitions:
  • You’ll see a list of your hard drive’s existing partitions. If there are no partitions, you’ll see the entire disk as unallocated space.
  1. Create Partitions:
  • You can create the following types of partitions:
    • Root Partition (/): This is the main partition where the Linux operating system will be installed. It should be relatively large, usually 20GB or more.
    • Swap Partition: Swap space is used as virtual memory and can be helpful for system performance. It’s recommended to create a swap partition with a size at least equal to your system’s RAM.
    • Home Partition (/home): This partition is where your user data, files, and documents will be stored. It should be allocated a reasonable amount of space.
    • Other Partitions: Depending on your needs, you can create additional partitions for specific purposes (e.g., /var, /tmp, or custom data partitions).
  1. Allocate Space: Assign sizes to your partitions according to your needs and available disk space. You can specify the size and type of each partition.
  2. Mount Points: Assign mount points to each partition (e.g., / for the root partition, /home for the home partition, etc.).
  3. File System Format: Choose the file system format for each partition. For most Linux distributions, ext4 is a common choice.
  4. Bootloader Installation: Ensure the bootloader (e.g., GRUB) is installed to the MBR (Master Boot Record) of the primary hard drive.
  5. Confirm and Apply: Review your partitioning scheme, confirm your choices, and apply the changes.
  6. Complete the Installation: Continue with the installation process as instructed by the installer. Your chosen partitions will be formatted and the Linux distribution will be installed.

Once the installation is complete, your Linux system will be set up with the specified partitions. These partitions help keep your data organized and improve system performance.

Leave a Comment