Ring topology in computer network in hindi

Ring topology ek computer network topology hai jisme network devices ek circular ring shape mein connected hote hain. Har device doosre device se directly connected hota hai, aur har device apne neighboring devices se data receive karke usse forward karta hai. Is topology mein data ek direction mein flow karta hai.

और topologies के बारे मे भी जानें :-

Ring topology in computer network in hindi

Kuch important points ring topology ke baare mein:

  1. Structure: Ring topology mein devices circular ring ke format mein connect hote hain. Har device ke pass do connections hote hain, ek device se data receive karne ke liye aur ek device ko data forward karne ke liye.

  2. Unidirectional Communication: Ring topology mein data unidirectional (ek disha mein) flow karta hai. Data ek device se dusre device ko transmit hota hai, aur phir us device se agle device tak forward hota hai, aur isi tarah continue hota hai.

  3. Token Passing: Ring topology mein data transmission ke liye “token passing” technique ka istemal hota hai. Ek special token (signal) circular ring mein ghoomta rehta hai, aur jo device token receive karta hai, wo usme apne data ko include karke use forward karta hai. Is tarike se data sequential order mein transmit hota hai.

  4. Device Connections: Har device ke pass ek interface (NIC – Network Interface Card) hota hai, jisse wo ring topology mein connect hota hai. Devices ko typically twisted pair cable, ya fiber optic cable ki madad se connect kiya jata hai.

  5. Data Collision: Ring topology mein data collision ka concept nahi hota, kyunki data ek direction mein flow karta hai. Har device apne data ko token ke sath attach karke forward karta hai, jisse data collision ka risk kam hota hai.
Ring topology in computer network in hindi
Ring topology in computer network in hindi

Advantages of Ring Topology in hindi:

  • Simplicity: Ring topology simple aur easy to implement hai, jisse installation aur configuration mein asani hoti hai.

  • Efficient Data Transmission: Ring topology mein data sequential order mein transmit hota hai, jisse efficient data transmission aur minimal delays possible hoti hai.

  • Equal Access: Har device ko equal access milta hai data transmission ke liye, kyunki data token ke format mein circulate hota hai.

Limitations of Ring Topology in hindi:

  • Single Point of Failure: Agar kisi device ya cable mein koi problem ya failure hoti hai, to pura network affected ho sakta hai. Ring topology mein agar ek device fail ho jaye ya cable disconnect ho jaye, to pura network communication stop ho jati hai.

  • Limited Scalability: Ring topology ki scalability limited hoti hai. New device add karne ke liye existing ring ko break karna hota hai, jisse network downtime ka risk hota hai.

  • Network Congestion: Agar network par heavy traffic hai, to data transmission mein delays aur congestion ki problem ho sakti hai. Har device data forward karne ke liye depend karta hai neighboring devices par.

Ring topology small to medium-sized networks ke liye suitable hai jahan limited number of devices hote hain aur data transmission sequential order mein hona chahiye. Ismein data integrity aur minimal data collisions ki guarantee hoti hai. Examples of ring topology include Token Ring networks.

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