Shell Programming and AWK command in Linux In Hindi

Shell programming aur AWK scripting dono hi powerful tools hain Unix aur Unix-like operating systems par text processing aur automation ke liye. Chaliye thoda sa overview dekhe dono ke baare mein:

Shell Programming and AWK command in Linux In Hindi

Shell Programming command in Linux In Hindi:

  1. Shell: Shell ek command-line interface hai jiska istemal command execution aur script running ke liye hota hai. Unix-like systems mein commonly used shells hain Bash (Bourne Again Shell), sh (Bourne Shell), Csh (C Shell), aur zsh (Z Shell).
  2. Shell Script: Shell scripting ek programming language hai jo shell ke commands aur utilities ka istemal karke tasks automate karne ke liye hota hai. Shell scripts .sh extension ke files mein likhe jaate hain. In scripts mein aap variables, loops, conditions, aur functions ka istemal kar sakte hain.
  3. Basic Operations: Shell programming mein aap text processing, file handling, system administration, aur automation ke liye commands ka istemal karte hain. Yeh scripts command-line se run kiye jaate hain.
  4. Examples: Niche kuch shell programming tasks ka example hai:
  • File copying, moving, aur deletion.
  • Text file parsing aur processing.
  • System administration tasks jaise ki backup aur user management.
  • Automation scripts jaise ki scheduled backups ya log file monitoring.

AWK Scripting command in Linux In Hindi:

  1. AWK: AWK ek powerful text processing language hai jo text files ko line-by-line read aur manipulate karne ke liye design kiya gaya hai. Yeh scripting language Unix-like operating systems mein available hota hai.
  2. Text Processing: AWK ka primary use text files ko parse karke data extraction, transformation, aur reporting ke liye hota hai. Ismein aap patterns ko match karke specific actions perform kar sakte hain.
  3. AWK Script: AWK scripts .awk extension ke files mein likhe jaate hain. In scripts mein aap data processing rules define karte hain.
  4. Examples: Niche kuch AWK scripting tasks ka example hai:
  • Log files se specific data extract karna.
  • CSV files se data parse aur summarization karna.
  • Data formatting aur report generation.

Shell Programming aur AWK mein Common Use Cases:

  1. Shell scripts mein AWK ka istemal text processing ke liye kiya ja sakta hai. Shell scripts mein AWK commands embedded kiye ja sakte hain.
  2. AWK scripts ko shell scripts ke andar call kiya ja sakta hai.
  3. Shell scripts AWK scripts ko automate karne aur scheduling ke liye use kiya ja sakte hain.

Overall, shell programming aur AWK scripting ek sath istemal karke aap text processing, data manipulation, aur automation tasks ko efficiently perform kar sakte hain Unix aur Unix-like systems par.

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